Tags, Bulk Certificates, Seals
- No potatoes are recognized as officially certified unless properly tagged or identified with a bulk certificate. Illegal use of tags or bulk certificates will be prosecuted.
- Tags or bulk certificates will be issued only to the applicant or his agent. NO MUTILATION OF TAGS OR BULK CERTIFICATES, BY WRITING OR MARKING OVER, OR OTHERWISE ALTERING ORIGINAL INFORMATION PRINTED THEREON, WILL BE PERMITTED. The responsibility of proper use of tags and bulk certificates is placed on the person (CCPGA member) to whom such articles have been issued.
- A metal seal shall be placed on the conveyance doors of bulk shipment containers identified by a bulk certificate.
- Special permission may be granted by the CCPGA Board of Directors to imprint a duplicate image of an official Colorado Certified Tag on a small plastic bag (3 lbs. to 10 lbs.) to be used for marketing small quantities of certified seed potatoes. The art work layout must be approved by the Potato Certification Service prior to printing. Information normally printed on the Colorado seed tag (i.e., seed grower's name, cultivar, crop year, lot number, and maximum tuber size) will be printed on the bag in order that the reader can readily identify the seed source. One completed copy of a bag bearing all of the above mentioned information related to a given shipment must be filed with the Potato Certification Service. All such shipments must comply with designated grade inspection requirements. A bulk certificate will accompany each load.
Grades and Grade Inspection
- All Certified Seed Potatoes must be graded to conform with the Colorado standard grades and sizes for seed potatoes unless a signed waiver of grade inspection has been obtained from the purchaser as outlined in Section 14-d or an exemption has been obtained from the CO PCS as outlined in Section 14-h.
- All seed potatoes must be shipped under tags or bulk certificates that represent the grade to which they have been sorted. Potatoes failing to meet the grade specified on the tag or bulk certificate will be; (1) resorted to meet the grade requirements, (2) re-tagged with new tags or re-issued a new bulk certificate representative of the grade of the potatoes, or (3) the tags must be removed.
- All shipments must be inspected by a Federal/State Inspector at the time of shipment. The Federal/State Inspection Service is responsible for inspecting seed shipments to verify that proper grade standards have been met. If a "zero tolerance" disease such as bacterial ring rot or root knot nematode is suspected or any other condition which may disqualify a seed lot from certification is discovered during the inspection, the Potato Certification Service will be notified by the seed grower and suspect tubers submitted to the Potato Certification Service so additional procedures can be implemented to identify and confirm the true nature of the problem. Upon confirmation of a “zero tolerance” disease or pest, the remaining portion of the affected lot will be rejected from certification and it will be the responsibility of the seed grower to notify all recipients of the previous shipments of the lot of the finding of a “zero tolerance” disease or pest.
- Seed cut prior to shipment out of any Marketing Order Area must be accompanied by a signed cut seed disclaimer and waiver, and an official tag or bulk certificate indicating that the seed potatoes are “CUT SEED.”
- Each lot sold within a Marketing Order Area shall be inspected by a Federal/State Inspector.
- All Certified Seed Potatoes marketed in bags and carrying a tag must meet the highest grade requirements indicated by either the bag or the colored tag. U.S. No. 1 Seed Grade is not strictly a U.S. No. 1 grade, and may not be marketed in bags branded as U.S. No. 1.
- All Certified Seed Potatoes exported outside of the U.S. shall meet the U.S. EXPORT "SEED POTATOES" standards for the given class being shipped.
- Certified Seed Potatoes marketed expressly for use as garden seed and shipped in quantities less than 24 cwt per cultivar or clone within the same load shall be exempt from Federal/State grade inspection. However, an 'inspection exemption for certified seed potatoes' shall be obtained from theCO PCS verifying the load as containing less than 24 cwt per cultivar, and a waiver of grade inspection must be secured from the purchaser the time of delivery or acceptance..
Colorado Blue Tag Grade shall consist of potatoes which meet the requirements of the disease tolerances and grade standards previously listed for CERTIFIED SEED POTATOES. In addition, they shall be graded to conform with the U.S. No. 1 Seed Potatoes Grade as defined under U.S. Standards for Grades of Seed Potatoes with the following exceptions:
- Not more than 1% of the potatoes shall be damaged by dry rot.
- Size shall be 1-1/2" to 12 oz., size is not required ont eh tag, a smaller maximum however, will be specified on teh tag or bulk certificate.
- Not more than 3% of the potatoes in any lot may be below the specified size and, in addition, not more than 8% may be above the specified size.
- Physiological internal pigmentation shall not be considered a grade factor.
Colorado Yellow Tag Grade shall consist of potatoes which meet the requirements of the disease tolerances and grade standards previously listed for CERTIFIED SEED POTATOES. This grade is intended to provide the buyer and seller an opportunity to establish certain mutually agreed upon specifications not allowed in the Colorado Blue Tag Grade. The potatoes must be graded to conform with the U.S. No. 1 Seed Potatoes Grade as defined under U.S. Standards for Grades of Seed Potatoes with the following exceptions:
- Soft rot shall not exceed 1%.
- Tuber size shall be specified on the tag or bulk certificate. Tolerances for specified size limits: Not more than 3% of the potatoes in any lot may be below the stated minimum and, in addition, not more than 10% may be above the stated maximum.
- Tubers shall not be seriously damaged by external defects, or seriously misshapen unless otherwise specified, and shall meet the tolerances for a U.S. No. 1 Seed Potato Grade.
- Physiological internal pigmentation shall not be considered a grade factor.
- There will be no requirements for sprouts.
Applications of Tolerances: The application of grade and size tolerances shall be as outlined in the United States Standards for Potatoes, Section 51.3003.
U.S. Export "Seed Potatoes" shall consist of potatoes which meet the requirements, disease tolerances and grade standards for international export as listed under the U.S. EXPORT STANDARDS FOR SEED POTATOES; Appendix P, USDA Export Certification Manual; 3/99.
Special Requirements for Experimental Class Seed Potatoes
The Memorandum of Understanding between the Colorado Certified Potato Growers’ Association and the Board of Governors of the CSU System authorizes the Potato Certification Service to "cooperate with the Experiment Station in increasing and releasing new varieties of potatoes developed by the Experiment Station," thus it becomes necessary to develop acceptable guidelines for conducting the testing and seed increase program. In this respect, it is important to acknowledge the unavoidable limitations to the visual inspection process encountered when the disease symptom expression of any potato clone is unknown at the time a seed grower would like to enter it for certification. Therefore, the Experimental Seed Category was established to expedite and facilitate field testing of numbered potato clones being considered for naming and official release. Two categories of this Seed Class were established.
Category 1 will include only unnamed "Seedling" potato clones involved in the field testing phase of a potato cultivar development program on which bacterial ring rot and/or leafroll virus symptom expression is unknown. Seed stocks of such clones will not be eligible for certified tags or bulk certificates, nor will they be listed in the Seed Directory. Field plantings of such clones will be inspected and a written report submitted to the Leader of the Cultivar Development Program. When adequate field test data on disease expression and other performance characteristics has been collected to justify further evaluation on seed growers farms, any given clone may be transferred to Category 2 of the Experimental Seed category. This decision will be made jointly by the Leader of the Cultivar Development Program, the Potato Certification Service and the Seed Improvement Committee of the Colorado Certified Potato Growers' Association.
Category 2 seed lots will include only unnamed "Seedling" clones whose symptom expression of bacterial ring rot and potato leafroll virus are known to be adequate under Colorado field conditions. Such seed lots will be eligible for entry into the certification program on the following basis: There will be three years production allowed for Experimental Seed - Non-Generation Category 2 stocks. At the end of three years, the status of these stocks will be reviewed and, where possible, these stocks will be phased out and replaced with Limited Generation seed sources. If this is not possible, an annual review will be conducted to verify the status of the stocks. This decision will be made jointly by the Leader of the Cultivar Development Program, the Potato Certification Service and the Seed Improvement Committee of the Colorado Certified Potato Growers’ Association. Non-Generation Category 2 seed lots will be inspected and classified according to the disease tolerances and all of the applicable Rules and Regulations established for Generation 6. All stocks which meet the criteria for certification will be listed in the Seed Directory. The symbols "Exp 2-" followed by a number designating the years in the field after initial release (i.e., Exp 2-1, Exp 2-2, etc.) will be printed both in the Seed Directory and on tags and bulk certificates. Limited Generation sources of these stocks will carry the same designations with the exception that the symbols after "Exp 2-" will reflect their status from the Limited Generation program, (i.e., Exp 2-G1, Exp 2-G2, etc.). Because of the limited knowledge concerning potential disease reactions, and/or other problems in these seed stocks, the seed seller must obtain and submit to the Potato Certification Service an affidavit signed by the seed buyer prior to seed shipment which states that the buyer is willing to accept the risks involved with purchasing experimental seed. This affidavit or its equivalent will be kept with the tag or bulk certificate order in the grower's Potato Certification Service file. Also, it is understood that experimental seed stocks may be rejected at any time due to uncommon disease reactions.
Any seed grower/organization entering numbered potato selections for seed increase and evaluation in the potato certification program also agrees to abide by an agreement with the Colorado State University Agricultural Experiment Station, or to obtain written authorization from the potato breeding program from which the numbered potato selections originate. The CSU agreement “Notice to Receivers of Experimental Potato Selections” consists in part of the following:
COLORADO STATE UNIVERSITY AGREES TO:
- Supply seed stocks or grant permission to utilize these stocks for further propagation and evaluation to the grower applicant.
- The term of this agreement will be for a one year period beginning upon seed grower/organization receipt of the numbered stocks.
BY ACCEPTANCE OF SUCH POTATOES, THE SEED GROWER/ORGANIZATION AGREES TO:
- Enter crop for certification. These stocks will be grown in accordance with the Rules and Regulations of the seed potato certification program for the appropriate seed class using generally accepted cultural practices.
- Furnish land and labor, and meet all expenses involved in production and certification of the crop.
- Permit representatives of the University to make observations and to obtain samples if desired.
- Not to further propagate or distribute seed stocks of this (these) selections for propagation beyond the terms of this agreement unless authorized by the University.
- Dispose of any numbered selection discarded from the Potato Cultivar Development Program. These stocks will not be eligible for entrance in any seed potato certification program unless authorized by the University.
- Special disposition instructions: As directed by Cultivar Development Program Leader.
- A meeting between the Seed Grower(s)/Organization Representative(s), the Seed Improvement Committee of the Colorado Certified Potato Growers' Association, the Potato Certification Service and the Project Leader of the Potato Cultivar Development Program prior to January 1st to establish guidelines on price and method of distribution of seed.
- Not hold the University or its representatives financially liable for losses incurred as a result of production and/or disposition of this seed.
IT IS MUTUALLY AGREED:
- The proceeds from the crop produced under this agreement shall be the property of the Seed Grower/Organization that submitted the stocks for certification.
- That information derived from these evaluations shall be jointly shared by the parties to this agreement.
- That the selections may be legally protected under the federal Plant Variety Protection Act or other mechanisms that may require royalty payments before being grown commercially.